Defended by an inner curtain wall, the innermost part of the castle was the site of St Peter's Basilica in Anglo Saxon times.
In this sacred chapel was
kept a beautiful silver shrine or reliquary containing the arm of the saint King Oswald. The current ruins are of a 12th century apse built
on the site of the basilicas remains. The remainder is a Victorian folly, built on the ground plan of the 12th century chapel. Recent archaeological
excavations have shown there are at least seven buildings below the existing Chapel. These excavations reveal that the positioning of these
earlier buildings are orientated more towards Lindisfarne, the home of St Aidan's monastery and the cradle of Christianity, than the traditional
east west line.
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